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Women’s Health and Fertility in TCM

During the early years of childhood, girls’ and boys’ growing bodies are very much the same. However, when puberty occurs, between the ages of 11-16 years, the differences between the genders become apparent. When a girl’s first period shows up, it means her reproductive system is almost fully developed. She can then expect to have her menstrual cycle regularly until she reaches her 50s. We call this 40-year period the “child-bearing years,” or in Chinese culture, the “Reproductive Blossom Time.”

In modern Western society, we have evolved to a point at which a woman feels she can do anything a man can do. This is true for most daily activities. However, it is important to remember that men and women, on a physical level, are essentially still quite different. A woman may potentially suffer from a variety of problems unique to women during her child-bearing time. She might need to deal with one of several menstruation-related conditions in her teens and early adulthood, with fertility challenges and pregnancy issues during her middle years. And as time marches on, all women must eventually go through menopause. This is a woman’s natural cycle of life, and it is something men never experience!.

According to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the care of the menstrual cycle plays a very important role in a women’s health and should begin early. During this sensitive time, a young woman can suffer from menstrual difficulties (pain, spotting, PMS, irregularity). Most women are convinced that these issues are “normal” – just part of being a woman—or can be controlled by taking birth control pills (hormone therapy). In fact, these cycle-related conditions are indicators of hormonal imbalances. Instead of replacing the hormone with pills and essentially covering up the problem, a TCM practitioner will analyze the causes of the imbalance and use natural methods to correct it. Regulating the whole body’s hormone systems will prevent deeper problems, such as PCOS, fibroids, endometriosis, etc., from developing, help a woman achieve vibrant health, and optimize her fertility later on down the road. Women of all ages definitely can benefit from paying close attention to their cycles and learning about their own rhythms.

Fertility is based on healthy reproductive function. Anything causing the hormones to be messed up or blood flow to be clogged in the reproductive system can lead to infertility. In TCM, we view the main causes of infertility to be One of several differentiations: kidney deficiency, blood deficiency, cold uterus, liver stagnation, dampness and blood stasis. These conditions can be caused by poor diet and lifestyle, cold exposure during menses, or too much heat, stress, or toxic exposure. All of these variables can have a big impact on menstruation and cause infertility.

To maintain a strong reproductive system, a woman should keep her lifestyle synchronized with the universe, get enough sleep, eat a balanced diet, strive for moderate exercise, and avoid exposing the body to cold (such as immersing herself in a cold pool or drinking icy liquids) during her period flow. As long as energy flows freely, and the body gets enough nutrients, pregnancy will take place naturally. If any problems show up, and lifestyle modification is not enough, it is advisable to consult with an experienced TCM practitioner who specializes in Women’s health. Acupuncture treatments and herbal supplements will assist in restoring and maintaining balance, ensuring healthy cycles, the possibility of a healthy, comfortable pregnancy, and especially, a healthy baby.

In fact, every woman should practice self-care and have regular treatments to ease her through every stage of life.

Common Health Issues Unique to Women

  • Dysmenorrhea – painful periods
  • Amenorrhea – lack of periods
  • Anovulatory periods – periods, but no ovulation
  • Mittelschmerz – painful ovulation
  • PMS – symptoms prior to the period, including mood swings, breast tenderness, food cravings, restless sleep, constipation, headaches
  • PCOS – Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome , can cause very long cycles, anovulatory periods, excess body hair, acne, and problems with weight
  • Endometriosis – uterine tissue growing outside of the uterus, can cause a lot of pain and hormone imbalance and affect the fallopian tubes’ function
  • Uterine Fibroids – occurring in at least ⅓ of women over 35, these might manifest differently in size and location and can affect menstrual cycle and fertility
  • Miscarriage – indicates hormone imbalances, abnormal sperm or egg, poor uterine lining, or inflammation
  • Premature Ovarian Failure Syndrome – when the menstrual cycle ceases at age 35 or even earlier. This causes a lot of imbalance and seriously impacts a woman’s quality of life
  • Menopause – transition period when the ovaries diminish in function and “run out” of usable eggs and follicles. Estrogen and progesterone levels drop, causing hot flashes, night sweats, dryness, insomnia and emotional swings
  • Osteoporosis – weakening of the bones, common after menopause
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